Business unit Defense

Research

Research

Future Combat Training System

© Fraunhofer EMI

To enable Bundeswehr soldiers to carry out their mission successfully and safely, they must be optimally prepared. An essential element is the training of realistic operational scenarios – especially in live firing (“train as you fight”). 

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Test methods for the safety of batteries in use

© Epsilor

Lithium-ion (LI) technology is nowadays indispensable in both military and civil environments. Their use ranges from battery packs for portable electronics to vehicle batteries and large stationary storage systems. Fraunhofer EMI researches to improve the safety of these batteries and carries out experimental tests with a focus on dynamic load cases (for example, the crash behavior of batteries). 

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Excellence in the further development of Hydrocodes

© Fraunhofer EMI

The application of hydrocodes for the simulation of initiation processes in plasticbonded explosives (PBX) on the mesoscale is a challenging task. The thermo-mechanical behavior of the material shall be predicted, including possible initiation. For this purpose, EMI uses its own, highly specialized software SOPHIA, which is continuously further developed and improved.

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Design of personal armor systems using latest virtual human body models

© Fraunhofer EMI

Up to now, virtual human body models have mainly been applied in applications where clothing does not play a significant role, for example, car-to-car or car-to-pedestrian simulations. The Human Body Dynamics Team of Fraunhofer EMI has developed a method to put on a soft ballistic vest to a virtual human body model in a standing posture.

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Safe joint connections under very high-rate loading

© Fraunhofer EMI

Military aircrafts are subjected to very high-rate loading, as for example high-velocity impacts or blast loads. In order to design safely these types of structures, it is important not only to characterize the materials but also the joints connecting the different parts.

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Soil-filled protection systems

© Fraunhofer EMI

Soil-filled gabions can provide effective protection against shock waves resulting from detonation events. Therefore, the group Security of Structures is researching the potential of these structures as protective enclosure in order to design them as a wall system safe and efficient against hazards like blast loads.

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Scaling effects of high-energetic laser radiation

© Fraunhofer EMI

Fraunhofer EMI has now got significantly expanded experimental capabilities to examine the effects of high-intensity laser radiation and scaling effects at short distance in the laboratory. Basic research can now be extended up to a power of 120 kilowatts.

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Simulation-based investigation of target impact accuracy of weapons

© Fraunhofer EMI

The accuracy of weapons is largely determined by the mechanical interaction between the barrel and the projectile during launch. Barrel vibrations and lateral oscillations of the projectile perpendicular to the barrel axis cause variations in the bullet’s motion state after muzzle exit, resulting in a dispersion of target impact locations.

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Scientific methods to support the design of protecting of mobile platforms against IEDs

© Fraunhofer EMI

The detonation of IEDs (improvised explosive devices) can cause high impulse transfer into vehicles in operation and thus endanger the occupants. In the department Experimental Ballistics, scientific methods are being developed to better protect land vehicles against IEDs.

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eHARSH - sensor systems for harsh environments

© Fraunhofer EMI

The aim of the Fraunhofer lighthouse project “eHarsh” is the development of a technology platform intended for the design and manufacturing of sensor systems for the application in extreme harsh environments.

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Co-simulation for fluid structure coupling

© Fraunhofer EMI

Co-simulation is a computational approach that enables the simulation of a system through parallel and coupled simulation of its parts. At Fraunhofer EMI, simulation methods are developed which permit the co-simulation of fluid structure coupled systems. These methods are particularly suited for the analysis of explosively loaded engineering structures.

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Loading capacity and functionality of protective barriers

© Fraunhofer EMI

For the enclosure of protective zones, simple but effective solutions are needed that protect individuals and material against extreme events, e.g. detonations. Basket systems, which can be filled with soil available on-site, are often used in this context.

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Systems technology analysis

© Fraunhofer EMI

Handguns are usually made up of the subsystems weapon, ammunition and rifle scope, all of which are produced by different manufacturers. In combination, these subsystems have to fulfill the requirements imposed by the German Federal Armed Forces (Bundeswehr) in various environmental conditions.

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Mechanical material models for polymer-bonded high explosives

© Fraunhofer EMI

Modern ammunitions are usually based on polymer-bonded high explosives (PBX). Fraunhofer EMI studies how these phenomena can be included in the material modelling of PBX.

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Characterization of glasses used as transparent protection

© Fraunhofer EMI

In order to be able to describe the interaction between the pre-damaged glass and the projectile, Fraunhofer EMI develops methods to pre-load glass in a defined way using planar plate impact to detect and analyze the damage quantitatively via X-ray tomography, and to determine the strength properties.

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LSQRA - Laser Safety Quantitative Risk Analysis

© Fraunhofer EMI

For an application of high-power lasers, it is necessary to analyze in detail the laser propagation and to identify potential threats by laser radiation. For this purpose, Fraunhofer EMI develops the safety analysis tool LSQRA (Laser Safety Quantitative Risk Analysis) for 3D-visualization of simulated operational scenarios with laser effectors.

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BREAS - Blast response assessment of structures

© Fraunhofer EMI

The launch of military operations in conflict areas commonly implies the consideration of complex safety and security issues for soldiers onsite. One of these issues is related to the assessment of explosive events in build-up areas and the corresponding potential consequences for structures and inhabitants of these structures. Typical problems that need to be resolved are the definition of safety ranges around an ammunition storage in field camps and the assessment of deliberated attacks with explosives in urban areas within the context of a military operation in urban terrain (MOUT).

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3D X-ray analysis of sabot separation

© Fraunhofer EMI

For the investigation of transitional ballistics of sub-caliber projectiles, an innovative, X-ray based measurement technique was developed which opens up new possibilities of examination.

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High-strength steel under multiaxial loading

© Fraunhofer EMI

High-strength steels are used in order to protect passengers from gunfire. During impact of a projectile, complex loading conditions, such as tensile and compressive loads but also bending and shear stresses, occur, e.g. depending on the angle of impact. At EMI, material tests are carried out with a special multiaxial test bench in order to reproduce such loads in the laboratory.

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Scaling of laser effects

© Fraunhofer EMI

By now there are also high-performance systems with a laser power of more than 100 kilowatts commercially available. In order to be able to assess the potential of such laser systems, EMI carries out studies regarding the scaling properties of high-power laser effects.

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Primary development of process parameters for 3D printing of heavy metals and unique materials

© Fraunhofer EMI

The powder bed based Laser Beam Melting (LBM) process allows the manufacturing of individual, lightweight and robust geometries. At Fraunhofer EMI, we have developed our own manufacturing parameters for the processing of materials used in defense technology. We have shown that even materials such as tungsten, which are difficult to process, can be additively generated in a high quality.

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From security research to meteorite impact: research capabilities in the new high-power laser lab

© Fraunhofer EMI

The spectrum ranges from new applications in security research to military applications and examinations of the processes in geological materials during meteorite impact.

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Laser and impact: new laboratory for high-power laser applications

© Fraunhofer EMI

Fraunhofer EMI is currently setting up a new laboratory for applications in laser technology featuring powerful lasers, in which novel pulsed laser applications as well as continuous-wave (CW) laser applications can be developed and tested.

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Validated and predictable simulation model for penetration processes in adobe walls

© Fraunhofer EMI

The missions of the German Armed Forces (Bundeswehr) have raised new questions regarding the ballistic protection of building elements and building materials. In this context, for example, the evaluation of the protective properties of masonry is of great interest in order to ensure the protection of civilian population and deployed soldiers in the areas of operation.

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An impact experiment in process

Fraunhofer EMI uses laboratory accelerators to conduct impact experiments under laboratory conditions. By means of single-stage accelerators, velocities of up to three kilometers per second can be reached. Read more

Protective effectiveness of a ceramic armor

© Fraunhofer EMI

In order to improve the protective effectiveness of armors it is crucial to understand the failure mechanisms of protective materials. Read more

Impact and wave phenomena

During high-speed dynamic processes, deformations and strains are not immediately transmitted to the whole body of the impacted object, e.g., a cylindric rod, once it is impacted at one end. Read more

Damage propagation in glass

© Fraunhofer EMI

For analyzing the damage propagation in glass, a detailed understanding of the occurring physical mechanisms leading to damages is crucial. Read more

Impact failure of a metal rod

© Fraunhofer EMI

Even at relatively small impact velocities, the maximum loads of materials under impact processes are already exceeded which leads to material failure. Read more