A comprehensive research roadmap for aviation security – COPRA
Security has become a major factor in civil and commercial aviation. In recent decades, the number of threats to aviation security has grown significantly.
This has led to even more security regulations as the threats evolve. Security procedures have become exceedingly complex and invasive to passenger privacy. At the same time passenger and cargo traffic are expected to double in the next 15 years. It is clear that the current complex security system cannot be adapted to such a growth. It has already and will increasingly become a major market restraint.
Therefore, the project COPRA was initiated under the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Commission. The objective of COPRA was to develop requirements and recommendations for future research activities which could lead to a more resilient, flexible and comprehensive approach. To that aim COPRA brought together a well-balanced consortium of research organisations, industry and major air transport providers with a wide range of European stakeholders who contributed in experts’ workshops.
Taking into account previous and existing activities in aviation security, COPRA partners and experts collected, analysed and categorised 70 current, emerging and new threats to airports, aircrafts and auxiliary infrastructure. The team then went on to compile more than 350 possible security measures to counter these threats. Over 50 conceptual ideas for overarching approaches to passenger, cargo and external security concepts were described, analysed and assessed according to the balance of security benefit, costs, impact on the aviation system and public acceptance and constraints.
Using all of these results as a basis, the requirements for future research and development have been laid out in the COPRA Aviation Security Research Roadmap. The summary COPRA_Flyer.pdf gives an overview of the roadmap.
A separate document has been compiled describing the roadmap and the research recommendations in detail.